Al-sheikh Mustafa Abdolrazeq
sheikh of the Al-Azhar Mosque, he renewed the 'Islamic Philosophy' in
the modern era, and the first to formulate its history in Arabic,
appointed as the minister of endowments
Mustafa Abdolrazeq was born in a rich family
in Al-menya governorate, in
His father was a patriot and one of the founders of the newspaper 'The
newspaper' which called for ruling in accordance with the national
convention as well as for social and educational reform. His father,
also, was one of the founders of the 'Umma'
Party (the Nation party). He preserved the Koran and joined Al-Azhar
where he met with Al-sheikh Muhammad Abduh,
and earned the license of 'Al'alamia' (the
highest lincense in Al-Azhar) on 1908. He
taught jurisprudence for some time and resigned. He was appointed as a
member in the high council of Al-Azhar, and a supervisor of the Islamic
courts. He, in addition, was active as a writer in newspapers and in
participation in the political affairs.
and studied in 'Sorbonne'
and earned his philosophy of Doctorate license. He also lectured in
in the topic of the basis of the 'Al-shary'a'
is the founder of what we call today 'Islamic Philosophy'. He earned his
PhD with theses on "Al-emam Al-Shafe'y
the greatest legislator", and translated 'A treatise on monism' for Al-emam
Muhammad Abuh with Bernard Michelle. On 1927
he was appointed as an associate professor in Islamic philosophy in the
faculty of literature in
(Fouad 1st at that time). Then he
became a chair professor in philosophy. In this period he founded
through his lectures and notes the field of Islamic philosophy and
affirmed its authenticity and its autonomy from the Greek philosophy.
Several students of him continued his position and enriched the study in
the field, amongst them, Aly
and Ibrahim Bayoumy
Among his many books and articles which reveal his philosophy,
An Introduction to the history of Islamic Philosophy.
the philosopher of the Arab and the second Master