Ahmad Lutfi Elsayyed (1872-1963), one of the well known names of the modern Egyptian and Arabic renaissance, and one of the leaders of the Liberal movement of the modern Egyptian politics.
Ahmad Lotfi was born in a small village north of Cairo in the Nile
delta, called Barquine. His family moved to
He was a strong supporter of the nationalist thought as well as the secular society. His deep belief was that there is no meaning for us, for the term "nation" except as the "Egyptian nation". Consequently he was a strong opponent for the idea of the "Islamic nation" or establishing citizenship on the "Islamic" basis. He was one of the first group participating in the foundation of the first Egyptian university, and became later on its president. He insisted on the autonomy of the university so that he resigned his position twice for violating its autonomy by the government. The first when Taha Husein was discharged from the faculty of literature due to political reasons, 1932,and the second when police men entered the area of the university, 1937.
Ahmad Lutfi was one the leaders of the committee that demanded independence for Egypt, believed in Liberalism, called for the Pharaoh identity of Egypt, and supported strongly education of women. His presidency of the Egyptian university witnessed the first group of university graduated women, on 1932. He was the founder of the 'Nation' party and was titled as the master of the generation, and he is considered as the leader of the Arabic liberalism.
He translated to Arabic several books of Aristotle: "physics", "politics", and "ethics". He wrote too many articles which was later on collected and published under several titles recording the status of the evolving Egyptian early liberal period in the course of the modern Arabic renaissance.